4200 Smith School Road, Austin, Texas 78744
The Texas Bird Records Committee (hereafter "TBRC" or "committee") of the Texas Ornithological Society requests and reviews documentation on any record of a TBRC Review List species (see Lockwood 2000 or TBRC web page at http://members.tripod.com/~tbrc/). Annual reports of the committee's activities have appeared in the Bulletin of the Texas Ornithological Society since 1984. For more information about the Texas Ornithological Society or the TBRC, please visit www.texasbirds.org. The committee reached a final decision on 206 records during 2001: 154 records of 68 species were accepted and 52 records of 45 species were not accepted, an acceptance rate of 74.8% for this report. There were 216 observers who submitted documentation (to the TBRC or to other entities) that was reviewed by the committee during 2001.
In 2001 no additional species were added to the state list and the official Texas State List remains at 620 species in good standing. This total does not include the five species listed on the Presumptive Species List.
In addition to the review of previously undocumented species, any committee member may request that a record of any species be reviewed. The numbers of accepted records are also listed for California Gull, which was recently removed from the Review List. The committee desires written descriptions for all Review List species as well as photographs, video, and audio recordings if available. Information concerning a Review List species may be submitted to the committee secretary, Mark Lockwood, 6710 Lancret Hill Drive, Austin, Texas 78745-6527 (email: email@example.com). Guidelines for preparing rare bird documentation can be found in Dittmann and Lasley (1992).
The records in this report are arranged taxonomically following the AOU Check-list of North American Birds (AOU 1998) through the 42nd supplement (AOU 2000). A number in parentheses after the species name represents the total number of accepted records in Texas for that species at the end of 2001. All observers who submitted written documentation or photographs of accepted records are acknowledged by initials. If known, the initials of those who discovered a particular bird are in boldface but only if the discoverers submitted supporting documentation. The TBRC file number of each accepted record will follow the observers' initials. If photographs or video recordings are on file with the TBRC, the Texas Photo Record File (TPRF) (Texas A&M University) number is also given. If an audio recording of the bird is on file with the TBRC, the Texas Bird Sounds Library (TBSL) (Sam Houston State University) number is also given. Specimen records are denoted with an asterisk (*) followed by the institution where the specimen is housed and the catalog number. The information in each account is usually based on the information provided in the original submitted documentation; however, in some cases this information has been supplemented with a full range of dates the bird was present if that information was made available to the TBRC later. All locations in italics are counties.
TBRC Membership -- Members of the TBRC during 2001 who participated in decisions listed in this report were: John Arvin, Chair, Keith Arnold, Academician, Mark Lockwood, Secretary, Kelly Bryan, Brush Freeman, Petra Hockey, Terry Maxwell, Willie Sekula, and Barry Zimmer. During 2001, Willie Sekula's second term ended, Mel Cooksey was elected as a new member, Petra Hockey was elected to a second term, and the Academician, Chair, and Secretary were re-elected.
Contributors -- A&HR - Art & Hanna Richard, A&MC - Arlie & Mel Cooksey, AF - Anthony Floyd, AK - Anna Knipps, AM - Anthony McGeeham, AT - Ashley Traut, AW - Alan Wormington, B&JRi - Barbara & John Ribble, B&SS - Blair & Sandy Sterbs-Boatwright, BFr - Brush Freeman, BGi - Brian Gibbons, BHa - Bea Harrison, BHo - Bob Honig, BHu - Bill Hughes, BJP - Barbara Jean Potthast, BL - Barry Lyon, BLy - Bill Lybarger, BMc - Brad McKinney, BO - Brent Ortego, BP - Barrett Pierce, BSh - Bruce Sherman, BSt - Byron Stone, BSte - Bruce Stevenson, BV - Bettye Vernon, BWa - Brian Walton, BWh - Bob White, BZ - Barry Zimmer, CCo - Cameron Cox, CCu - Carolyn Cuthbertson, CE - Carol Edwards, CG - Charmaine Ganson, CHag - Charles Hagen, CHar - Chris Harrison, CMc - Carl McMurtry, CMi - Carol Mitchell, CN - Chuck Naiser, COK - Carolyn Ohl-Kolb, CRi - Cecilia Riley, CRu - Chip Ruthven, CSe - Chuck Sexton, CSh - Cliff Shackelford, CT - Clayton Taylor, DaW - Dan Wolfinger, DB - David Bradford, DE - Dodge Engleman, DG - Dixon Glaze, DH - Dale Hartsfield, DL - David Larson, DM - Dorothy Metzler, DO - Dale Ohl, DP - Dwight Peake, DR - Deborah Rupard, DSi - David Sikes, DSt - Darleen Stevens, DT - David Trochelell, DWo - David Wolf, EB - Erik Breden, EC - Eric Carpenter, EG - Ed Greaves, EHo - Eric Horvath, EHu - Eva Huet, EKw - Ed Kwater, EW - Ed Wetzel, F&JD - Fred and Judy Donaldson, FB - Frank Bumgartner, FC - Fred Collins, G&LS - Grady & Lu Skillern, GC - Greg Cook, GD - Gladys Donohue, GL - Greg Lasley, GLe - Geoff LeBaron, GS - George Saulnier, HC - Hilaire Chiasson, HD - Harold Dunning, HW - Harry Wilson, J&IM - Jim & Iola Messinger, JAr - John Arvin, JaS - Jane Sims, JBu - Jim Burns, JD - Jon Dunn, JF - Jesse Fagan, JG - John Gee, JHa - Jeffery Hanson, JHe - James Henderson, JHi - Jim Hinson, JJ - Jimmy Jackson, JK - John Karges, JL - John Lightner, JMc - Jimmy McHaney, JMo - Jim Morgan, JMu - Jeff Mundy, JMul - John Muldrow, JO - John O'Brien, JPa - Jim Paton, JPe - Jim Peterson, JPr - Jean Preis, JRa - Janet Rathjen, JRo - James Roche, JRos - John Rosford, JSi - Joel Simon, JSt - Jim Stevenson, JV - John Vanderpoel, JW - Jack Windsor, JWS - J. W. Sifford, JZa - James Zabriskie, JZu - John Zubia, KBr - Kelly Bryan, KBa - Keith Bartels, KE - Kim Ekert, KS - Ken Seyffert, LA - Loren Ammerman, LH - Linda Hedges, LoB - Lorie Black, LR - Les Reitsma, LSm - Leanna Smith, LW - Lefty Ward, LyB - Lytle Blankenship, LyS - Lynn Smith, M&ME - Mark & Maryann Eastman, MAd - Mark Adams, MAu - Mike Austin, MCa - Mary Cantrell, MCo - Mel Cooksey, MEl - Mark Elwonger, MF - Mark Flippo, MG - Michael Green, MH - Martin Hagne, MI - Marshall Iliff, MK - Mark Klym, ML - Mark Lockwood, MLa - Michael Lacy, MMe - Margaret Meyers, MMI - Mike Mizell, MO - Mike Overton, MR - Martin Reid, MRe - Michael Retter, MRo - Marcus Roening, MRog - Michael Rogers, MRy - Michael Ryan, MSc - Marcy Scott, MSch - Mark Scheuerman, MSi - Mike Sims, MWh - Matt White, MWo - Mimi Wolf, N&PA - Neill & Paula Amsler, NBa - Noreen Baker, NBl - Nick Block, NDa - Noreen Damude, NDe - Nancy Devlin, NMC - Narca Moore-Craig, P&TFr - Phyllis & Tony Frank, PaH - Pat Howell, PBa - Peter Barnes, PBe - Patty Beasley, PBo - Pat Bowen, PC - Pat Culbertson, PDH - P. D. Hulce, PHa - Peggy Harding, PHo - Petra Hockey, PK - Paula Kayton, PR - Phil Rostron, PS - Paul Sanders, R&NA - Rich & Nanette Armstrong, RBe - Robert Bensen, RBi - Ray Bieber, RD - Rich Damron, RK - Rich Kostecke, RMo - Randy Moore, RMP - R. M. Pope, RO - Robert Ohmart, RPe - Richard Peake, RPi - Randy Pinkston, RR - Ross Rassmusen, RTa - Rick Taylor, RTw - Roger Twichen, RWa - Ro Wauer, RiW - Richard Webster, RoW - Ron Weeks, SB - Steve Bentsen, SC - Scarlet Colley, SL - Scott Lerich, SSa - Sandy Sandel, SSo - Sylvestre Sorola, SSu - Scott Summers, TB - Tim Brush, TEt - Troy Ettel, TEu - Ted Eubanks, TF - Tim Fennell, TGa - Tony Gallucci, TGi - Thomas Gill, TH - Tom Hince, TM - Terry Maxwell, TPi - Tom Pincelli, TPo - Truman Powell, TS - Timothy Steurer, TW - Tricia Wright, VE - Victor Emanuel, VK - Val Kithens, WB - William Burch, WM - Wayne Meyer, WRi - Will Risser, WRo - William Rowe, WRu - Will Russell, WS - Willie Sekula, ZS - Zach Smith.
Acknowledgments -- The TBRC is very grateful to the many contributors listed above, without whom this report would not be possible. The committee would also like to thank Bob Sargent for providing the TBRC with expert opinion concerning records reviewed during 2001. The author thanks Petra Hockey and Brush Freeman for reviewing previous drafts of this report.
Additional Abbreviations -- AOU = American Ornithologists' Union; CCMS = Corpus Christi Museum of Science; NP = National Park; NWR = National Wildlife Refuge; SNA = State Natural Area; SP = State Park; TCWC = Texas Cooperative Wildlife Collection (Texas A&M University); WMA = Wildlife Management Area.
Red-throated Loon (Gavia stellata) (44). One near High Island, Jefferson, on 19 April 1997 (MSch; 2000-124). One at Hagerman NWR, Grayson, from 7-8 November 1997 (G&LS, CCo; 1997-172). One at Lake Benbrook, Tarrant, from 17-20 November 1999 (PHo, MR, BFr, GL; 1999-98; TPRF 1854). Up to two at E. V. Spence Reservoir, Coke, from 10-15 January 2000 (PHo, TM; 2000-1). One at Lake Texoma, Grayson, from 11 January to 22 February 2000 (WM, EW; 2000-13). One at McNary Reservoir, Hudspeth, from 10-19 November 2000 (BZ, MSc, JZ; 2000-127; TPRF 1897). One at Imperial Reservoir, Pecos, from 23 November 2000 to 4 February 2001 (NBl, MI, BLy, CHar; 2000-134).
Red-necked Grebe (Podiceps grisegena) (17). One at Lake Tawakoni, Rains, on 6 November 1999 (MWh; 1999-108). One at Austin, Travis, from 18 December 2000 to 14 January 2001 (NBa, GS, TF, EC, RPi, ML, BFr, PHo, JHa, RMP, B&JRi; 2000-142; TPRF 1859).
Sooty Shearwater (Puffinus griseus) (13). One picked up alive, but later died, on North Padre Island, Nueces, on 20 June 1989 (MCo; 2001-55; TPRF 1898; *CCMS 90-A-0024). Four near an oil rig off North Padre Island, Kenedy, on 5 November 1999 (AW; 2000-19).
Leach's Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa) (20). One off Freeport, Brazoria, on 6 June 1999 (PHo; 1999-67).
Red-billed Tropicbird (Phaethon aethereus) (5). One off Port O'Connor, Calhoun, on 21 September 1996 (DP, MEl, PHo, MO, BMc; 1996-118; TPRF 1947).
Brown Booby (Sula leucogaster) (16). One at South Padre Island, Cameron, from 30 June to 16 July 2001 (SC, PHo; 2001-98; TPRF 1899).
Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber) (3). Two in Aransas Bay near San Jose Island, Aransas, from 5 April to 6 July 2000 (MCo, JJ, JMu, DSi, JWS, CN, BFr; 2000-49; TPRF 1900). One near Port O'Connor, Calhoun, from 15-16 April 2000 (LW; 2000-50; TPRF 1901).
Brant (Branta bernicla) (20). A "Black" Brant shot by a hunter near Etter, Moore, in December 1999 (KS, BP; 2001-54; TPRF 1902). One at Lake Rita Blanca, Hartley, on 28 November 2000 (MAu; 2000-135). One at Lubbock, Lubbock, on 4 February 2001 (JHe; 2001-128; TPRF 1871).
Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator) (3). Two adults on a private ranch in northeastern Hemphill from 7-26 December 2000 (BP, EC; 2000-141; TPRF 1946).
Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope) (30). One at Imperial Reservoir, Pecos, on 6 April 2000 (BFr, PHo; 2000-35). One at Peach Point WMA, Brazoria, on 12 December 2000 (CHag, RoW; 2001-121; TPRF 1945).
American Black Duck (Anas rubripes) (8). Two specimens of this species were donated to the Texas Cooperative Wildlife Collection during 2001 by C. D. Stutzenbaker. They were collected at Lake Sheldon, Harris, on 30 December 1972 (*TCWC 13,716 and 13,717).
Garganey (Anas querquedula) (3). One at Rollover Pass, Galveston, on 17 April 1998 (WRu; 1998-93).
Masked Duck (Nomonyx dominicus) (59). One on Galveston Island, Galveston, on 24 April 1997 (WB; 1999-120). One at Rockport, Aransas, from 21-27 July 2001 (MCo; 2001-115; TPRF 1948).
Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) (14). One near Sam Nail Ranch, Big Bend NP, Brewster, on 9 September 1999 (MF; 1999-85).
Short-tailed Hawk (Buteo brachyurus) (12). One at Hazel Bazemore Park, Corpus Christi, Nueces, on 20 October 1999 (JSi; 1999-119).
Eskimo Curlew (Numenius borealis) (19). One near Galveston, Galveston, from 22 March to 26 April 1959 (VE; 2000-125).
Ruff (Philomachus pugnax) (23). One at El Canelo Ranch, Kenedy, from 28 December 2000 to 3 January 2001 (MRo, BMc, JBu 2001-08; TPRF 1863).
Long-tailed Jaeger (Stercorarius longicaudus) (15). Two at the Fort Bliss Sewage Ponds, El Paso, from 30 August to 2 September 2000 (JZa, MSc, MAd, JPa, BZ; 2000-81; TPRF 1903). One at an oil rig off Port O'Connor, Calhoun, on 2 October 2000 (BGi; 2000-86).
Little Gull (Larus minutus) (35). One at White Rock Lake, Dallas, from 6-19 February 2000 (JPe; 2000-14). One at Imperial Reservoir, Pecos, on 19 November 2000 (MAd, BGi; 2000-130; TPRF 1904). One at Beaumont, Jefferson, from 8-20 April 2001 (NBl, B&JRi, GM; 2001-72; TPRF 1905).
Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibundus) (20). One at Village Creek Wastewater Plant, Tarrant, from 30 November 2000 to 8 January 2001 (MR, B&JRi; 2000-144; TPRF 1862).
Mew Gull (Larus canus) (18). One at San Antonio, Bexar, from 22 January to 1 February 2000 (WS, B&JRi; 2000-10; TPRF 1906). One at Fort Worth, Tarrant, from 13-16 December 2000 (MR; 2001-25; TPRF 1865). One at Lake Worth, Tarrant, from 23-24 January 2001 (MR; 2001-29; TPRF 1866).
California Gull (Larus californicus) (62).
One at East Beach, Galveston, from 23 December 1997 to 25 February
1998 (DP, JRa, PDH, JD; 1998-29; TPRF 1907). Four
at Fort Bliss Sewage Ponds, El Paso, on 4 May 1999 (BZ;
1999-70; TPRF 1870).
Sabine's Gull (Xema sabini) (58). One at Cedar Creek Lake, Kaufman, on 22 September 1973 (BV; 2000-62). One at Cooper Lake, Delta, on 24 August 1999 (MWh; 1999-91).
Brown Noddy (Anous stolidus) (7). One on an oil rig off North Padre Island, Kenedy, from 27 April to 1 May 2000 (AW; 2000-32; TPRF 1911).
Ruddy Ground-Dove (Columbina talpacoti) (11). One at El Paso, El Paso, from 25-28 March 2000 (JPa; 2000-21).
Mangrove Cuckoo (Coccyzus minor) (8). One at Corpus Christi, Nueces, from 3-4 May 2000 (RBe, A&MC, B&SS; 2000-30; TPRF 1912).
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium brasilianum). One at Rio Grande Village, Big Bend NP, Brewster, on 9 April 1999 (RTa, NMC; 1999-87). Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl is not a Review Species, but this unexpected first record for the Trans-Pecos warranted review.
Northern Saw-whet Owl (Aegolius acadicus) (28). One found dead in Amarillo, Potter, on 30 October 2000 (KS; 2001-57, TPRF 1913; *TCWC 13,624). One found dead in Amarillo, Potter, on 4 November 2000 (KS; 2001-58, TPRF 1914; *ASNHC 2091). One at Lubbock, Lubbock, on 6 December 2000 (CMi; 2000-143; TPRF 1860). One found dead at Davis Mountains SP, Jeff Davis, on 4 January 2001 (KBr; 2001-11; *ASNHC 2090). One at Big Bend Ranch SP, Presidio, on 27 January 2001 (BGo; 2001-86; TPRF 1915). One found dead in Amarillo, Potter, on 10 February 2001 (KS; 2001-59, TPRF 1916; *TCWC 13,633). One at Lubbock, Lubbock, on 14 February 2001 (RK; 2001-49; TPRF 1917).
Green Violet-ear (Colibri thalassinus) (35). One near Hunt, Kerr, on 28 June 1999 (PaH; 1999-68). One at Graford, Palo Pinto, from 28-29 June 1999 (J&IM; 1999-84). One at Volente, Travis, on 17 July 1999 (BSt; 1999-71). One near Leander, Travis, from 25 June-12 July 2000 (TW; 2000-70). One at Cibolo, Guadalupe, from 9-10 May 2001 (NBa, KBa; 2001-83; TPRF 1918). One at Volente, Travis, from 19 June to 16 July 2001 (JMc, RPi, JRos; 2001-97; TPRF 1919).
Broad-billed Hummingbird (Cynanthus latirostris) (46). One at the Davis Mountains Resort, Jeff Davis, from 20-21 April 1999 (M&ME; 1999-94). One near Fort Davis, Jeff Davis, from 31 May to 1 June 1999 (LH; 1999-74). One at Panther Junction, Big Bend NP, Brewster, on 10 June 1999 (MF; 1999-69). One along the Window Trail, Big Bend NP, Brewster, on 14 June 1999 (BZ; 1999-77). One at Kickapoo Cavern SP, Kinney, on 24 July 1999 (MLa; 1999-83). One at Los Fresnos, Cameron, on 29 August 1999 (N&PA; 1999-81). One at Fort Davis, Jeff Davis, from 24 April to 6 June 2000 (KBr, MAd, ML; 2000-34). One at Zapata, Zapata, on 3 May 2000 (DT; 2000-27). One at the Davis Mountains Resort, Jeff Davis, on 13 July 2000 (BL; 2000-59). One at Alpine, Brewster, from 10-24 September 2000 (DO, SSa; 2001-22; TPRF 1861). One at Big Spring, Howard, from 5-10 October 2000 (DR; 2001-85; TPRF 1920). One at McAllen, Hidalgo, from 3-20 October 2001 (MH, NBa, SB, RBi, JO, BMc; 2001-124; TPRF 1944).
White-eared Hummingbird (Hylocharis leucotis) (10). One at Fredericksburg, Gillespie, from 31 July-4 August 2000 (MMe; 2000-73; TPRF 1921).
Berylline Hummingbird (Amazilia beryllina) (4). One at the Davis Mountains Resort, Jeff Davis, on 3-8 August 1999 (M&ME, CSh; 1999-80; TPRF 1922). One at the Davis Mountains Resort, Jeff Davis, on 25 May, 6 June, and 16 July 2000 (M&ME, MAd; 2000-53; TPRF 1923).
Costa's Hummingbird (Calypte costae) (7). One in the Christmas Mountains, Brewster, from 1-30 September 2000 (COK; 2000-116; TPRF 1924).
Allen's Hummingbird (Selasphorus sasin) (14). One at San Antonio, Bexar, from 1 August 1995 to early February 1996 and 26 July 1996 until 27 February 1997 (HW, WS, GL, ML, RD; 1996-114; TPRF 1949). One at Bellaire, Harris, from 25-27 February 2000 (FC, JHi, JO; 2000-15; TPRF 1925). One at Kerrville, Kerr, on 7 August 2000 (A&HR; 2000-78; *TCWC 13,751). One near Victoria, Victoria, on 18 August 2000 (BO; 2000-110; *TCWC 13,752). One near Victoria, Victoria, from 2-5 September 2000 (BO; 2000-111; *TCWC 13,753). One at Ingram, Kerr, on 9 August 2001 (A&HR; 2001-109; *TCWC 13,773) The specimens housed at the TCWC consist of tail feathers removed from captured individuals.
Lewis's Woodpecker (Melanerpes lewis) (51). One in the Basin, Big Bend NP, Brewster, from 1-2 November 2000 (PBo, AK, JPr; 2000-121). One at the Chaparral WMA, Dimmitt, from 7 November to 15 December 2000 (CRu, NDa; 2001-01; TPRF 1926). One at Fort Davis, Jeff Davis, from 11 November to 1 December 2000 (KBr; 2001-03; TPRF 1868). One at Clint, El Paso, from 15 November 2000 to 21 February 2001 (BZ; 2000-137; TPRF 1869). One 5 miles south of Fort Davis, Jeff Davis, from 18 November to 6 December 2000 (DB; 2000-129). One at Elephant Mountain WMA, Brewster, on 23 November 2000 (SL; 2000-132). One at Midland, Midland, from 23 November 2000 to 9 March 2001 (NBl; 2000-133). One at Fort Stockton, Pecos, on 24 November 2000 (ML; 2000-102). One at Choke Canyon, McMullen, from 27 November to 17 December 2000 (F&JD, NDe, WS, JAr; 2000-106; TPRF 1950). One at Abilene, Taylor, from 16 December 2000 to 31 March 2001 (LoB, BHu, MI; 2001-60; TPRF 1928). Two at Del Rio, Val Verde, from 17 December 2000 to 20 January 2001 (SSo, OC; 2001-07; TPRF 1864).
Greater Pewee (Contopus pertinax) (8). One at the Davis Mountains Preserve, Jeff Davis, on 21 May 2000 (MAd, KBr; 2000-69).
Buff-breasted Flycatcher (Empidonax fulvifrons) (3). Up to four (two adults and two fledglings) at the Davis Mountains Preserve, Jeff Davis, from 23 April to 19 August 2000 (KBr, MAd, BFr, ML; 2000-33; TPRF 1929; TBSL 231). Two at the Davis Mountains Preserve, Jeff Davis, from 8 May to 9 September 2001 (GL, KBr, ML, BFr, PHo; 2001-82; TPRF 1952; TBSL 233).
Dusky-capped Flycatcher (Myiarchus tuberculifer) (15). Two at the Davis Mountains Preserve, Jeff Davis, from 27 June to 4 July 1999 (KBr; 1999-75; TPRF 1930). Two in the Basin, Big Bend NP, Brewster, from 29 April to 12 July 2000 (LyS, RiW, EHo, JMul, JG, CE, MF, MAd, BFr, PHo, BL, RWa; 2000-43; TPRF 1931). One at the Davis Mountains Preserve, Jeff Davis, on 10 June 2000 (KBr; 2000-76; TBSL 231). One at the Davis Mountains Preserve, Jeff Davis, on 4 July 2001 (KBr; 2001-120; TBSL 229).
Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher (Myiodynastes luteiventris) (10). One at Falcon Dam, Starr, on 29 April 2000 (MRog; 2000-31; TPRF 1932).
Piratic Flycatcher (Legatus leucophaius) (2). One on an oil rig off North Padre Island, Kenedy, from 21-22 October 2000 (AW; 2000-126; TPRF 1933).
Fork-tailed Flycatcher (Tyrannus savana) (13). One at the Welder Wildlife Refuge, San Patricio, on 18 December 1999 (LyB; 1999-117). One on an oil rig off North Padre Island, Kenedy, on 1 November 2000 (AW; 2001-36; TPRF 1934).
Rose-throated Becard (Pachyramphus aglaiae) (27). One near Rockport, Aransas, on 10 January 1990 (PBe, MCo; 2001-56; TPRF 1935; *CCMS 90-A-0017). One at Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley SP, Hidalgo, on 24 April 1999 (AM; 1999-89). One at Laguna Atascosa NWR, Cameron, on 27 May 1999 (TPi; 1999-90).
Yellow-green Vireo (Vireo flavoviridis) (27). One at Port O'Connor, Calhoun, on 13 May 2000 (BFr; 2000-56). Two at Sabal Palm Sanctuary, Cameron, from 30 May to 8 September 2000 (MAd, AF; 2000-72). One at Weslaco, Hidalgo, from 9 July to 9 September 2000 (AF; 2000-83).
Black-whiskered Vireo (Vireo altiloquus) (16). One at Bolivar Peninsula, Galveston, on 8 May 1999 (NBl, JMu; 1999-55). One at Galveston, Galveston, from 26 June to 3 July 2001 (JSt; 2001-99; TPRF 1936).
Clark's Nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana) (19). One at the Davis Mountains Preserve, Jeff Davis, on 27 August 2000 (DL; 2000-109). One at Smith Point, Chambers, on 14 October 2000 (ZS, JSt; 2000-90). One at Pine Springs Campground, Guadalupe Mountains NP, Culberson, on 27 October 2000 (MAu; 2000-92). One near Alpine, Brewster, on 9 November 2000 (PHo; 2000-97).
Black-billed Magpie (Pica hudsonia) (4). Up to three at Coldwater Creek, approximately 10 miles north of Gruver, Hansford, from 5 December 1999 to 4 April 2000 (EC, B&JRi, KS, CSe, GL, P&TFr, MAd, A&MC; 1999-106; TPRF 1855).
Townsend's Solitaire (Myadestes townsendi). One in northern Webb on 4 November 2000 (JAr; 2000-96). Townsend's Solitaire is not a Review Species, but a TBRC member requested that it be reviewed. There are very few documented records of this species from the South Texas Brush Country.
Rufous-backed Robin (Turdus rufopalliatus) (10). One in the Lower Canyons, Brewster, on 30 October 1999 (LA, MRy; 1999-99). One at Sarita, Kenedy, from 31 January to 13 February 2000 (VK, PK, B&JRi, A&MC, TGa, EB, FB, ML, BFr, JMc, CRi, TF, BMc; 2000-5; TPRF 1856). One in El Paso, El Paso, on 30 October 2000 (JPa; 2000-120; TPRF 1937).
Varied Thrush (Ixoreus naevius) (19). One at Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo, on 29 November 1997 (HD; 1997-167).
Bohemian Waxwing (Bombycilla garrulus) (10). One at Cooper Lake, Hopkins, on 26 February 2000 (MWh; 2000-37). One at Village Creek Drying Beds, Tarrant, on 1 April 2000 (EW; 2000-36).
Olive Warbler (Peucedramus taeniatus) (6). One on the Davis Mountains Preserve, Jeff Davis, on 6 October 2000 (GL, PHo, BFr; 2000-89). One at Hueco Tanks SP, El Paso, from 11-14 October 2000 (AW, BZ, JZ, MSc; 2000-128; TPRF 1938).
Colima Warbler (Vermivora crissalis). One at Dog Canyon, Guadalupe Mountains NP, Culberson, on 29 May 1999 (AF, JF; 1999-73). Although Colima Warbler is not a Review Species, it is virtually unknown outside of its breeding range in the United States and such extralimital records warrant review.
Tropical Parula (Parula pitiayumi). One near Buffalo Gap, Taylor, on 13 May 1998 (TEt; 1998-125). Tropical Parula is not a Review Species, but a member of the TBRC requested that this record be circulated. This is the northernmost record of this species in Texas.
Golden-cheeked Warbler (Dendroica chrysoparia). One at Aransas NWR, Aransas, on 11 July 1999 (SSu, AT; 1999-86). Golden-cheeked Warbler is not a Review Species, but a TBRC member requested that it be reviewed. Migrant Golden-cheeked Warblers are rarely encountered along the coast.
Gray-crowned Yellowthroat (Geothlypis poliocephala) (40). One at Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo, from 24 March to 26 June 2000 (MG, BFr, KE, EG, TGa, EB, JRa, JMc, RBi, TB, MAd, BSte; 2000-23; TPRF 1940).
Red-faced Warbler (Cardellina rubrifrons) (19). One at Boot Canyon, Big Bend NP, Brewster, on 14 August 1999 (EC; 1999-82).
Slate-throated Redstart (Myioborus miniatus) (3). One on the Davis Mountains Preserve, Jeff Davis, from 21-25 June 2000 (MAd, BFr, PHo, CSe, KBr; 2000-54; TPRF 1939; TBSL 231).
Golden-crowned Warbler (Basileuterus culicivorus) (12). One at Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo, on 30 April 1995 (RMo; 1999-101). One at Packery Channel, Nueces, from 25-29 April 2001 (A&MC; 2001-90; TPRF 1941).
Rufous-capped Warbler (Basileuterus rufifrons) (19). One at Green Gulch, Big Bend NP, Brewster, on 1 May 2000 (RWa; 2000-41). Two at Dolan Falls Preserve, Val Verde, from 25 March-25 June 2000 (BHa, JK, DE; 2001-114; TBSL 232). Two at Dolan Falls Preserve, Val Verde, from 2 April-30 July 2001 (KBr; 2001-119; TPRF 1954; TBSL 233).
Brewer's Sparrow (Spizella breweri). One at Lake Sam Rayburn, San Augustine, on 21 October 2000 (DWo, MWo, JF; 2000-136). Although Brewer's Sparrow is not a Review Species, this record represents the easternmost for the state.
Baird's Sparrow (Ammodramus bairdii) (35). One at Fort Hancock, Hudspeth, on 9 December 1999 (BZ; 2000-16). One at the Basin, Big Bend NP, Brewster, on 10 May 2000 (EKw; 2000-60). One at Lubbock, Lubbock, on 23 September 2000 (AF; 2000-114). One near Muleshoe, Bailey, on 15 October 2000 (AF; 2000-117).
Golden-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia atricapilla) (24). One at Levelland, Hockley, on 2 May 2000 (LS; 2000-28). One at Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains NP, Culberson, on 4 November 2000 (PR; 2000-98).
Dark-eyed (White-winged) Junco (Junco hyemalis aikeni) (1). One at El Paso, El Paso, on 30 November and 1 December 2000 (BZ; 2000-140; TPRF 1951). The "White-winged" Junco is a subspecies for which the TBRC requests documentation.
Snow Bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis) (5). One at Lake Tawakoni, Rains, from 26 December 1999 to 15 January 2000 (MWh, PBa, B&JRi; 1999-116; TPRF 1858).
Blue Bunting (Cyanocompsa parellina) (24). One at Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley SP, Hidalgo, from 1-4 December 1999 (PC; 1999-113). One at Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley SP, Hidalgo, from mid-Feb to 16 March 1999 (WRo; 1999-49). One below Falcon Dam, Starr, on 1 April 2000 (BGi; 2000-52).
Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis) (6). One at Houston, Harris, on 3 February 2000 (WRi; 2000-9).
Pine Grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator) (5). One at Guadalupe Mountains NP, Culberson, on 24 November 2000 (EC; 2000-104; TPRF 1942).
A number of factors may contribute to a record being denied acceptance. It is quite uncommon for a record to not be accepted because the bird was obviously misidentified. More commonly, a record is not accepted because the material submitted was incomplete, insufficient, superficial, or just too vague to properly document the reported occurrence while eliminating all other similar species. Also, written documentation or descriptions prepared entirely from memory weeks, months, or years after a sighting are seldom voted on favorably. It is important that the simple act of not accepting a particular record should by no means indicate that the TBRC or any of its members feel the record did not occur as reported. The non-acceptance of any record simply reflects the opinion of the TBRC that the documentation, as submitted, did not meet the rigorous standards appropriate for adding data to the formal historical record. The TBRC makes every effort to be as fair and objective as possible regarding each record. If the committee is unsure about any particular record, it prefers to err on the conservative side and not accept a good record rather than validate a bad one. All records, whether accepted or not, remain on file and can be re-submitted to the committee if additional substantive material is presented.
Red-necked Grebe (Podiceps grisegena). Imperial Reservoir, Pecos, on 31 October 1997 (1997-148).
tropicbird species (Phaethon sp.). off Port O'Connor, Calhoun, on 8 August 1998 (1998-118).
Brant (Branta bernicla). Bolivar Flats, Galveston, on 6 October 2000 (2000-88).
Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator). Hagerman NWR, Grayson, on 29 November 1999 (1999-111).
American Black Duck (Anas rubripes). Western Willacy on 24 April 1999 (1999-88). Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo, on 13 March 2000 (2000-22).
Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis). Corpus Christi, Nueces, on 10 October 1999 (1999-118). Camp Tyler, Smith, from 14 November 1997 to 13 February 1998 (1997-159). Near Cheyenne, Hockley, on 26 November 2000 (2000-105).
Roadside Hawk (Buteo magnirostris). Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley SP, Hidalgo, on 19 January & 13 February 2000 (2000-12).
Short-tailed Hawk (Buteo brachyurus). Mitchell Lake, Bexar, on 23 September 1998 (1999-103). Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo, on 16 March 2000 (2000-67).
Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus). Panhandle (no exact location) on unknown date (1999-121; Clum and Cade 1994).
Common Ringed Plover (Charadrius hiaticula). Village Creek Drying Beds, Tarrant, on 26 April 1998 (1998-50).
Long-toed Stint (Calidris subminuta). Corpus Christi, Nueces, on 16 November 1999 (1999-100).
Long-tailed Jaeger (Stercorarius longicaudus). Oil rig off Port O'Connor, Calhoun, on 25 September 2000 (2000-82).
South Polar Skua (Stercorarius maccormicki). Offshore from Port Aransas, Nueces, on 27 November 1999 (1999-105).
Mew Gull (Larus canus). East Beach, Galveston, on 11 March 2000 (2000-20).
Thayer's Gull (Larus thayeri). Brownsville, Cameron, on 6 January 2000 (2000-4). Bolivar Flats, Galveston, on 21 July 2000 (2000-71).
Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides). High Island, Galveston, on 21 April 1991 (1998-112).
Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus). East Beach, Galveston, on 23 December 1996 (1997-135).
Ruddy Ground-Dove (Columbina talpacoti). Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo, on 31 October 2000 (2000-87).
Cypseloides species. Trinity River NWR, Liberty, on 12 November 2000 (2000-99). The documentation provided showed that the swift observed clearly did not belong to the genus Chaetura. The difficulty in separating species in Cypseloides from those in Streptoprocne was the reason this report was not accepted.
Vaux's Swift (Chaetura vauxi). Fort Bliss, El Paso, on 30 September 2000 (2000-84). Fort Hancock Reservoir, Hudspeth, on 29 October 2000 (2000-94). Both of these reports were well documented, but in both cases the birds did not vocalize. The difficulty in eliminating Chimney Swift was the reason these reports were not accepted. The committee thanks the observers for their diligence in documenting these birds despite the fact that these reports were not accepted.
Broad-billed Hummingbird (Cynanthus latirostris). College Station, Brazos, on 12 September 2000 (2000-80).
White-eared Hummingbird (Hylocharis leucotis). Big Bend NP, Brewster, on 25 July 1999 (1999-78).
Violet-crowned Hummingbird (Amazilia violiceps). Mount Locke, Jeff Davis, on 29 July 1999 (1999-79).
Allen's Hummingbird (Selasphorus sasin). Houston, Harris, from 2 January to 14 February 1999 (1999-122).
Greater Pewee (Contopus pertinax). Big Bend NP, Brewster, on 29 April 1999 (1999-64). Lubbock, Lubbock, on 30 April 1999 (1999-66). Big Bend NP, Brewster, in May 2000 (2000-61).
Fork-tailed Flycatcher (Tyrannus savana). San Antonio, Bexar, on 9 September 2000 (2000-108).
Yellow-green Vireo (Vireo flavoviridis). Big Bend NP, Brewster, on 24 April 1997 (1997-87).
Clark's Nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana). Guadalupe Mountains NP, Culberson, on 17 November 2000 (2000-138).
Black-billed Magpie (Pica hudsonia). Lake McClellan, Gray, on 24 April 2000 (2000-57).
Bachman's Warbler (Vermivora bachmanii). Near McKinney, Collin, on 4 September 2000 (2000-112).
Kirtland's Warbler (Dendroica kirtlandii). Big Bend NP, Brewster, on 8 September 2000 (2000-113).
Connecticut Warbler (Oporornis agilis). High Island, Galveston, on 29 August 1998 (1998-120). Near Cherino, Nacogdoches, on 20 April 2000 (2000-68).
Gray-crowned Yellowthroat (Geothlypis poliocephala). Choke Canyon SP, McMullen, on 28 October 2000 (2000-93).
Fan-tailed Warbler (Euthlypis lachrymose). Near Sheffield, Crockett, on 6 and 10 April 2000 (2000-122).
Golden-crowned Warbler (Basileuterus culicivorus). Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo, on 22 November 1997 (1997-166).
Flame-colored Tanager (Piranga bidentata). Big Bend NP, Brewster, on 26 May 2000 (2000-58).
Western Spindalis (Spindalis zena). Houston, Harris, on 6 October 1991 (2000-45).
Yellow-faced Grassquit (Tiaris olivacea). Mission, Hidalgo, on 24 September 1999 (1999-102).
Grassland Yellow-Finch (Sicalis luteola). Brackettville, Kinney, on 5 September 2000 (2000-79).
Baird's Sparrow (Ammodramus bairdii). Davis Mountains SP, Jeff Davis, 26 November 2000 (2000-123).
Yellow-eyed Junco (Junco phaeonotus). Santa Elena Canyon, Big Bend NP, Brewster, on 18 April 2000 (2000-39).
Crimson-collared Grosbeak (Rhodothraupis celaeno). Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo, on 22 November 2000 (2000-101).
Blue Bunting (Cyanocompsa parellina). Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo, on 14 November 2000 (2000-100).
Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis). Quintana, Brazoria, on 9 April 2000 (2000-66). Katy, Harris, on 7 May 2000 (2000-44).
White-winged Crossbill (Loxia leucoptera). Crowley, Tarrant, on 19 December 1999 (2000-107).
AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION. 1998. Check-list of North American Birds, 7th ed. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D. C.
AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION. 2000. Forty-second supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 117: 847-858.
CLUM, N. J., and T. J. CADE. 1994. Gyrfalcon. In The Birds of North America, No. 114 (A. Poole and F. Gill, Eds.). Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA and American Ornithologists' Union, Washington D. C.
DITTMANN, D. L., and G. W. LASLEY. 1992. How to document
rare birds. Birding
LOCKWOOD, M. W. 2000. Texas Bird Records Committee report
for 1999. Bull. of the Tex. Ornith. Soc. 33: 13-22.
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