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Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1994

Carl B. Haynie

     This report contains the decisions of the Texas Bird
  Records Committee (hereafter "TBRC" or "committee") of the
  Texas Ornithological Society reached during 1994.  For
  information on previous actions of the TBRC, see Arnold (1984,
  1985), Lasley (1988, 1989, 1990, 1991), and Haynie (1992a,
  1992b, 1993).  The committee requests and reviews
  documentation on any record of a TBRC Review List species (see
  end of report) as well as any record of any species if
  requested to do so by a member of the TBRC.  The TBRC reached
  a final decision on 153 records during 1994: 102 records of 50
  species were accepted and 51 records of 36 species were not
  accepted, an acceptance rate of 67% for this report.  There
  were 192 observers who submitted documentation (to the TBRC or
  to other entities) that was reviewed by the committee during
     This report does not add any new species to the official
  Texas state list.  However, during 1994, the committee did
  accept a sight record of Crescent-chested Warbler.  This
  previously unrecorded species constituted a new addition to
  the Presumptive Species List.  Therefore, while the official
  Texas state list at the end of 1994 remained at 590 species in
  good standing, the addition of Crescent-chested Warbler
  brought the official Presumptive Species List to 5 species. 
  At least two records which will complete circulation through
  the TBRC in 1995 will represent new Texas species.
    The TBRC solicits reports of any species on the Review
  List as well as any species not previously accepted for Texas. 
  The committee desires written descriptions as well as
  photographs, video, and audio recordings if available.  If
  anyone has information concerning a Review List species but is
  unsure how to submit that information please contact any
  member of the TBRC or contact the committee secretary, Greg
  Lasley, 305 Loganberry Court, Austin, Texas 78745-6527.  For
  guidelines on preparing rare bird documentation, readers are
  encouraged to consult "How to Document Rare Birds" (Dittmann
  and Lasley 1992).
    The records in this report are arranged taxonomically
  following The AOU Checklist of North American Birds (AOU 1983)
  as currently supplemented.  A number in parentheses after the
  species name represents the total number of accepted records
  in Texas for that species at the end of 1994.  In instances
  where birds were known to return from previous years, this
  number will be followed by a slash and a second number.  The
  second number denotes the total number of accepted records if
  returnees are excluded.  The number(s) will be listed for all
  species which appear on Review List A as currently amended
  (see end of report).  Within each species the records are
  listed chronologically.  All observers who submitted written
  documentation or photos of accepted records are listed by
  initials.  If known, the initials of those who discovered a
  particular bird are in boldface but only if the discoverers
  submitted a description.  There has been no attempt to list
  all observers who saw a particular bird.  The TBRC file number
  of each accepted record will follow the observers' initials. 
  This number consists of the year the record was originally
  submitted to the committee followed by a dash then a number. 
  If photos or video recordings are on file with the TBRC, the
  Texas Photo Record File (TPRF) (Texas A&M University) number
  is also given.  If an audio recording of the bird is on file
  with the TBRC, the Texas Bird Sounds Library (TBSL) (Sam
  Houston State University) number is also given.  Specimen
  records are denoted with an asterisk (*) followed by the
  institution where the specimen is housed and the catalog
  number if available.  The information in each account is
  usually based on the information provided in the original
  submitted documentation; however, in some cases this
  information has been supplemented with a full range of dates
  the bird(s) was present if that information was made available
  to the TBRC later.  All locations in italics are counties.
    TBRC Membership. -- Members of the TBRC during 1994 who
  participated in decisions listed in this report are:  John
  Arvin, Chair, Keith Arnold, Academician, Greg Lasley,
  Secretary, Carl Haynie, Martin Reid, Chuck Sexton, David Wolf,
  Gail Diane Yovanovich, and Barry Zimmer.  During 1994, Martin
  Reid, who had been appointed one year before to fill the
  unexpired term of Bret Whitney, was elected to his first full
  three-year term, while Carl Haynie was elected to his second
  full term.  Both the Academician and Secretary were re-
    Contributors. -- Tony Amos, Guy Alexander, Nanette
  Armstrong, Rich Armstrong, Mike Austin, Giff Beaton, Patricia
  Beecher (PBe), Jean Beck, Bob Behrstock (BBe), Dick Beverly
  (DBe), Peter Billingham, Nancy Bird, Lytle Blankenship, Terry
  Blankenship, Beth Blount, Hazel Bluhm (HBl), David Bradford
  (DaB), Martin Bray (MBr), Joan Brigham (JBr), Howard Brokaw,
  David Brotherton (DBr), Kelly Bryan, D. Bryant, Marge Bryant,
  John Buckman (JBu), Frank Bumgardner, Sheriton Burr, Caroline
  Callery, Cerise Cauthron (CCa), Bill Clark, George Clayton,
  Fred Collins, Arlie Cooksey, Mel Cooksey, Sanford Cooper
  (SCo), Sue Corson, David Curson, Carolyn & Ray Cuthbertson
  (C&RC), David Dauphin, Ariel Davila, Billy Deveturn, Jon Dunn,
  Bill & Laura Elliott (B&LE), Doug Emkalns, Marguerette Empie,
  Lily Engles, Jean Evans, Tom & Carol Fawcett (T&CF), Mike
  Farmer, Charles Fisher, Joe Fisher, Phyllis Frank, Tony Frank,
  Brush Freeman, Tony Gallucci, Red & Louise Gambill (R&LG),
  Hugh Garnett, Steve Gast, John Gee, Brian Gibbons (BGi), Jeff
  Gordon (JGo), Larry Gore, Peter Gottschling, Bill Graber,
  Nelson & Susan Greenlund (N&SG), Jane Hamilton, Peggy Harding,
  Dolores & Donald Harrington (D&DH), Pat Hartigan (PHa), George
  Harmon, Carl Haynie, Tom Hays, Petra Hockey (PHo), Buddy
  Hollis, Bob Honig (BHo), Eric Hopson, P.D. Hulce (PDH), Rosie
  & Harold Hurd (R&HH), Pete Isleib, Ann Johnson, Tom Johnson,
  Jane Jones, Ed & Debbie Kanze (E&DK), Greg Keiran, Richard
  Kinney, Jane Kittleman, Diana Koger, Kinki Koi, Jim Krakowski
  (JKr), H. P. Langridge (HPL), Greg Lasley, Paul Lehman, Leland
  Lemmons, Nick Lethaby, Keith Lockhart, Mark Lockwood, Bob
  Luckner, Bill Lukehart (BLu), Guy Luneau (GLu), Joan Luneau,
  Mike Manson, Curtis Marantz, Jim & Betsy Massey (J&BM), Beau
  Masters, David Matson, Guy McCaskie, Don & Joann Merritt
  (D&JM), John C. Miller (JCM), Charles Mills (CMi), Jim Morgan,
  Jack & Elaine Morman (J&EM), Elaine Morrall, John Muldrow
  (JMu), Ken Nanney, Coleman Newman, Bruce Neville, Michael
  Nickell, Andy O'Neil, R. L. Norris (RLN), Brent Ortego, Paul
  Palmer, Helen Parker, Max Parker (MPa), John Parmeter (JPa),
  Jim Paton, Mike Patterson, Becky Peplinski, John D. Peplinski
  (JDP), Kirk Prindle, Nick Pulcinella, Ross Rasmussen, James
  Reveley, Arthur Richard, Barbara Ribble, Lois Rice, Teresa
  Risdon, Don Roberson, Donna G. Robertson (DGR), Craig Roberts,
  Phil Rostron, William Rufe, Catherine Sandell (CSa), Paul
  Saraceni, Bobby Schat (BSc), Willie Sekula, Herschel Sessions,
  Chuck Sexton, J.W. Sifford (JWS), Richard C. Sims (RCS),
  Richard M. Sims (RMS), Al Smalley, Gwen Smalley, Gary D. Smith
  (GDS), Ruth Ann & Clyde Smith (R&CS), Tom Stehn, Darleen
  Stephens, Cliff Stogner (CSt), Dixie Stogner (DSt), Bob Stone,
  Byron Stone (BSt), Beverly Taylor, John Trochet, Robert Truss,
  Mary Ann Tucker (MAT), Allen Valentine, Beverly VanDyke, Ro
  Wauer, Jeffrey Webster, Matt White, John & Jana Whittle
  (J&JW), Sue Wiedenfeld, Harry Wilson, David Wolf, Mimi Wolf
  (MWo), Elizabeth Wolfe, Ronald Wolfe (RWo), Doris Wyman (DWy),
  Gail Diane Yovanovich (GDY), and Barry Zimmer.
    Acknowledgments. -- The TBRC is very grateful to the many
  contributors listed above, without whom this report would not
  be possible.  The committee would also like to offer our
  sincere thanks to the following consultants who provided the
  TBRC with expert opinion, advice, or other information
  concerning records reviewed during 1994: Kelly Bryan, Roger
  Clapp, Bill Clark, Kimball Garrett, Dean Keddy-Hector, Dave
  Lee, Guy McCaskie, and Chuck Sexton.  The author would
  especially like to thank Greg Lasley for reviewing a draft of
  this article.
    Additional Abbreviations. -- AB = American Birds
  magazine; AFN = Audubon Field Notes; BBNP = Big Bend National
  Park; GMNP = Guadalupe Mountains National Park; NWR = National
  Wildlife Refuge; SNA = State Natural Area; SP = State Park;
  TCWC = Texas Cooperative Wildlife Collection (Texas A&M
                           Accepted Records
     Red-throated Loon (Gavia stellata) (22).  Three were on
  Lake Murvaul, Panola on 27 December 1992 (KN; 1993-82).  Up to
  three were photographed on Lake Texoma, Grayson during their
  stay 8 January - 14 March 1993 (HG; 1993-81, TPRF #1122).  One
  was photographed on Lake Balmorhea, Reeves during its stay 26
  November 1993 - 25 April 1994 (KB, GL, GDY, JG, CS, JBu; 1993-
  150, TPRF #1202).  One was on Imperial Reservoir, Pecos on 4
  December 1993 (CH; 1994-8).
    Pacific Loon (Gavia pacifica) (42).  One was at Goose
  Island SP, Aransas on 27 February 1993 (DW, JF; 1993-47).  One
  was photographed on Braunig Lake, Bexar on 6 November 1993
  (WS; 1993-138, TPRF #1176).  One was on Lake O' the Pines,
  Marion from 13-14 November 1993 (GLu, DBr; 1993-147).
    Yellow-billed Loon (Gavia adamsii) (3).  One first-winter
  bird was photographed on Lake Balmorhea during its stay 25
  November - 10 December 1993 before being found dead the
  afternoon of 10 December 1993 (JWS, GK, MP, DaB, JG, GL, GDY,
  CS, CH, PG, BN; 1993-149, TPRF #1201, *TCWC #13025). 
  Examination of the specimen revealed the bird suffered from
  mycotic airsacculitis and pneumonia presumably brought on by
  a fungal related infection (Arnold).  A photograph documenting
  this first record for the Trans-Pecos was published in AB
    Red-necked Grebe (Podiceps grisegena) (9).  One was
  photographed on Lake Tawakoni, Van Zandt during its stay 28
  November 1993 - 5 March 1994 (RK, RR, PR, PH, HBl, GL, GH, PB,
  AV; 1993-155, TPRF #1204).  A photograph of this bird was
  published in AFN 48:224.
    Sooty Shearwater (Puffinus griseus) (9).  One was picked
  up sick on Mustang Island, Nueces on 11 June 1993, but it
  never recovered (TA, GL; 1993-107, TPRF #1166, *TCWC #13000). 
  One was found dead on Mustang Island, Nueces on 10 October
  1993 (TA, GL; 1993-140, TPRF #1196, *TCWC #13001).
    Manx Shearwater (Puffinus puffinus) (5).  One exhausted
  bird was photographed on the beach on Mustang Island, Nueces
  on 21 June 1993 (WS, MC, AC; 1993-101, TPRF #1170).  A
  photograph of this bird was published in AB 47:1125.
    Blue-footed Booby (Sula nebouxii) (2).  One exceedingly
  cooperative bird was seen and photographed at Lake Lyndon B.
  Johnson, Burnet/Llano by well over 5,000 observers during its
  long stay there 2 June 1993 - 6 October 1994 (MB, CS, JG, JMu,
  BF, BSt, J&EM, GDY, GS, AM, JBu, FB, GL, SB, GM; 1993-110,
  TPRF #1168).  The bird, which would often rest on Marge
  Bryant's diving board in Granite Shoals, eventually left only
  to reappear at Lake Bastrop, Bastrop from 10 December 1994 -
  12 April 1995.   Photographs documenting this second record
  for Texas were published in AB 48:128, AB 48:161, and several
  local newspapers.  Video was even shown on "The ABC Nightly
  News with Peter Jennings".
    Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus) (35).  Two were at
  Anahuac NWR, Chambers on 11 March 1993 (CM; 1993-45).  One was
  photographed on West Galveston Island, Galveston during its
  stay 2 April - 1 July 1993 (TF, PF, CS, BSt, BBe; 1993-57,
  TPRF #1195).  One was in south Jefferson on 18 April 1993 (CH;
  1993-67).  One was photographed at the Eagle Mountain Fish
  Hatchery, Tarrant during its stay 8-10 May 1993 (CH, TR; 1993-
  78, TPRF #1121).
    Brant (Branta bernicla) (9).  One was collected by a
  hunter in east Waller in December 1983, but it wasn't until
  recently that photographs of the mounted specimen were
  reviewed by the committee and the record was accepted (LG,
  BHo, GDY; 1993-139; TPRF #1175, *private collection).
    American Black Duck (Anas rubripes) (5).  One was
  collected by a hunter at Smith Point, Chambers in December
  1991, but it wasn't until recently that the specimen was
  carefully studied, photographs were reviewed by the committee,
  and the record was accepted (BM, GDY; 1994-15, TPRF #1197,
  *private collection).  Based on research by Yovanovich, two of
  the previous four "accepted" Texas specimen records have come
  under suspicion of being A. rubripes x A. platyrhynchos
  hybrids or simply misidentified A. fulvigula.  These records
  warrant further review by the committee.
    Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope) (15).  One adult male was
  photographed at Fort Hancock, Hudspeth on 27 January 1993 (BZ;
  1993-50, TPRF #1147).  One adult male was at Fort Bliss, El
  Paso on 8 May 1993 (JP; 1993-98).  One male and, possibly, one
  female were photographed in southeast Dallas during their stay
  24-29 October 1993 (EW, CH, DaB, FB, JMu, J&EM; 1993-137, TPRF
    Barrow's Goldeneye (Bucephala islandica) (4/3).  One
  adult male was on Lake O' the Pines, Marion from 19-21
  November 1993 (SG, J&EM, LB; 1993-146).
    Masked Duck (Oxyura dominica) (28).  Unless otherwise
  noted, all birds were in "female" plumage.  Up to thirty-seven
  were seen or photographed on the Welder Wildlife Refuge during
  their stay 8 October 1992 - 21 August 1993 (TB, GL, PP; 1993-
  62, TPRF #1150).  The latter, of which a photograph of four of
  the birds was published in AB 47:275, may have been the
  largest single gathering of Masked Ducks ever witnessed in the
  U.S.  Up to two were photographed in Corpus Christi, Nueces
  during their stay 20 December 1992 to 1 January 1993 when one
  was found dead (PBe, MC, AC, HW; 1993-52, TPRF #1162, *TCWC
  #12926).  Up to ten were at McFaddin NWR, Jefferson from 2
  February - 26 May 1993 (JKr; 1993-88).  One was in Riviera,
  Kleberg on 27 February 1993 (JGo; 1993-84).  Up to four were
  photographed in Riviera from 11-14 March 1993 (CM, CCa, PP;
  1993-46, TPRF #1155).  Up to five were seen or photographed on
  the Laureles Division of the King Ranch, Kleberg from 12 March
  - 30 April 1993 (JGo, MF; 1993-85; TPRF #1138).  At least
  twenty were seen or photographed on the Norias Division of the
  King Ranch, Kenedy from 5 April - 5 May 1993 (BZ, JGo, MF;
  1993-79, TPRF #1117).  A drake was captured, photographed, and
  released in Huntsville, Walker on 10 June 1993 (RM; 1993-103,
  TPRF #1169).  Up to eight were seen or photographed in
  scattered locations south of Norias, Kenedy from 20 September
  1993 - 15 April 1994 (BZ, AR, GDY, ML, SCo, DBe, GM, GL; 1993-
  142, TPRF #1197).
    Aplomado Falcon (Falco femoralis).  This species is not
  on Review List A due to problems in distinguishing wild birds
  from reintroduced birds in the Lower Rio Grande Valley. 
  However, an unbanded adult photographed and videotaped
  northwest of Marfa, Presidio during its stay 2 January - 26
  May 1992 was accepted as a naturally occurring vagrant for a
  variety of reasons (PHa, MA, BO, CS, GL, HP, MPa, RA, NA, JPa,
  GM, DR, JD, BR, CR, BLu, WR, KB; 1992-15, TPRF #1154).  The
  bird was found in superb habitat in rather close proximity to
  a recently discovered wild Aplomado Falcon population in the
  nearby state of Chihuahua, Mexico.  Photographs documenting
  this record, considered to be the first valid one for the U.S.
  in over 20 years, were published in AB 46:289 and 46:332.
    Northern Jacana (Jacana spinosa) (19).  Two immatures
  were in Pharr, Hidalgo on 2 January 1993 (MBr, AJ; 1993-134). 
  One adult was near Palmetto SP, Gonzales on 25 April 1993 (BD;
  1993-96).  One adult was photographed at Santa Ana NWR,
  Hidalgo during its stay 25 September - 16 October 1993 (BZ;
  1993-143, TPRF #1198).
    Ruff (Philomachus pugnax) (18/15).  One reeve was
  photographed near Anahuac NWR, Chambers during its stay 18-21
  April 1993 (PDH, BBe; 1993-86, TPRF #1158).  One juvenal
  plumaged bird was photographed in El Paso, El Paso during its
  stay 5-11 September 1993 (DE, BN, BZ; 1993-124, TPRF #1174).
    Little Gull (Larus minutus) (21/17).  One adult was at
  Cooper Lake, Delta on 13 February 1993 (MW; 1993-65).
    Common Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibundus) (6/5).  One
  adult was at Wright Patman Lake, Bowie from 2-20 January 1993
  (CMi, D&DH; 1993-35).  One adult was at Baffin Bay, Kleberg on
  28 February 1993 (AO; 1993-38).
    Mew Gull (Larus canus) (4).  One first-winter bird was
  photographed at Fort Hancock, Hudspeth on 26 January 1993 (BZ;
  1993-49, TPRF #1146).
    California Gull (Larus californicus) (26).  One first-
  year bird was photographed at Fort Hancock Reservoir, Hudspeth
  on 16 April 1993 (JD; 1993-97, TPRF #1165).  One second-winter
  bird was photographed in San Antonio, Bexar during its stay 
  27 November - 27 December 1993 (WS; 1994-10, TPRF #1208).
    Thayer's Gull (Larus thayeri) (20).  One first-winter
  bird was photographed in east Fort Worth, Tarrant during its
  stay 28 November 1993 - 3 February 1994 (CH, TR; 1994-9, TPRF
    Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus) (62/50).  One or
  two third-winter birds were at the Brownsville City Landfill,
  Cameron on 28 December 1992 (CH; 1993-7).  One second-winter
  bird was at the Brownsville City Landfill on 28 December 1992
  (CH; 1993-8).  One adult was photographed in Corpus Christi,
  Nueces on 25 January 1993 (MC, AC; 1993-53, TPRF #1159).  One
  adult was photographed in Jefferson on 16 April 1993 (GL, GDY;
  1993-60, TPRF #1157).  One first-year bird was photographed in
  Jefferson on 18 April 1993 (CH; 1993-66, TPRF #1148).  The
  Mustang Island bird, documented since 1983, returned 28
  November 1993 - April 1994.
    Glaucous Gull (Larus hyperboreus) (54).  One first-year
  bird was photographed at Port Aransas, Nueces during its stay
  20-28 February 1993 (TA, DW, JF; 1993-51, TPRF #1156).  One
  first-year bird was photographed at Lake Texoma, Grayson
  during its stay 21 March - 9 April 1993 (RR, JW, LL, PS; 1993-
  58, TPRF #1161).  One immature (first or second winter) was
  photographed at Matagorda Island SP, Calhoun during its stay
  15-17 April 1993 (KP, BSc, PHo, DWy, AD, TS; 1993-75, TPRF
    Great Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus) (17/13).  One
  adult was photographed in Corpus Christi, Nueces on 31
  December 1992 (AC; 1993-54, TPRF #1160).
    Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) (42).  One
  first-winter bird was in Galveston, Galveston from 7-8
  December 1990 (PDH; 1993-32).  One first-winter bird was at
  Lake Texoma, Grayson from 13-22 April 1993 (JW; 1993-71).  One
  first-year bird was photographed in Jefferson during its stay
  24-25 April 1993 (CH; 1993-68, TPRF #1151).
    Sabine's Gull (Xema sabini) (31).  Unless otherwise
  noted, all birds were juvenal plumaged.  One was photographed
  at Boles Lake, Lubbock during its stay 25-31 August 1993 (DC,
  MN, DS, CSt, DSt, R&HH; 1993-109, TPRF #1167).  One was
  photographed at Fort Bliss, El Paso on 6 September 1993 (BZ;
  1993-144, TPRF #1199).  One was photographed at Lake
  Grapevine, Denton/Tarrant during its stay 30 September - 6
  October 1993 (EW, MP, CH; 1993-125, TPRF #1172).  One was
  photographed at Mitchell Lake, Bexar during its stay 20-27
  October 1993 (WS, JMu, JBu, PG, DaB, GDY; 1993-135, TPRF
  #1163).  One extremely late bird was at Lake Alcoa in
  Rockdale, Milam on 25 November 1993 (BF; 1993-151).
    Bridled Tern (Sterna anaethetus) (10).  Between 20 and 25
  were seen or photographed 90-100 miles off Galveston,
  Galveston on 1 May 1993 (CS, GDY, PG; 1993-93, TPRF #1131).
    Northern Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium gnoma) (2).  One was seen
  and heard at Boot Springs, BBNP, Brewster on 25 April 1993
  (WR, JR; 1993-73).  While this bird represented only the
  second accepted Texas record, there remain about a dozen
  unsubmitted reports since the late 1960s from BBNP and GMNP
    Northern Saw-whet Owl (Aegolius acadicus) (13).  One was
  captured and photographed at Boot Springs, BBNP, Brewster on
  22-23 February 1968 (RW; 1993-145, TPRF #1200).  One was seen
  and tape recorded near the Tejas campsite, GMNP, Culberson
  from 31 May - 2 June 1993 and on 3 July 1993 (CH, MP, BSt;
  1993-83, TBSL #203-13).  Audio analysis software developed by
  the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology was used to confirm the
  recording (Sexton).
    Broad-billed Hummingbird (Cynanthus latirostris) (16). 
  One adult male was photographed at Fort Davis, Jeff Davis
  during its stay 21-23 May 1993 (KB; 1993-94, TPRF #1129).  One
  immature male was photographed in Midland, Midland during its
  stay 24-27 August 1993 (D&JM; 1993-121, TPRF #1173).  One male
  was in Houston, Harris on 28 September 1993 (MAT; 1993-136). 
  One female was photographed in Buchanan Dam, Llano during its
  stay 22 November 1993 - 7 April 1994 (J&BM, GL, GM; 1993-154,
  TPRF #1203).
    White-eared Hummingbird (Hylocharis leucotis) (4).  Three
  birds (1 adult female, 1 juvenile, 1 female/immature) were
  photographed near Fort Davis, Jeff Davis during their stay 20
  June - 16 August 1993 (R&CS, KB, GDY, GL; 1993-95, TPRF
  #1130).  A photograph of one of these birds was published in
  AB 47:1126.
    Elegant Trogon (Trogon elegans) (3).  One adult male was
  along the Pinnacles Trail in BBNP, Brewster on 29 April 1993
  providing only the third accepted record for Texas (BV; 1993-
    Tufted Flycatcher (Mitrephanes phaeocercus) (2).  One was
  videotaped 47 miles west of Fort Stockton, Pecos at an I-20
  rest stop from 2-6 April 1993 (JBr, TJ, KB; 1993-41, TPRF
  #1149).  A photograph documenting this second record for the
  U.S. was published in AB 47:469.
    Greater Pewee (Contopus pertinax) (4).  One was in Boot
  Canyon, BBNP, Brewster on 17 August 1991 (ML; 1991-114).
    Tropical Kingbird (Tyrannus melancholicus) (4).  One was
  at Falcon Dam, Starr on 26 June 1991 (NL; 1991-91).  Several
  birds, documented since 1991, continued to be present in      
  Brownsville and near Harlingen, Cameron.
    Fork-tailed Flycatcher (Tyrannus savana) (8).  One was
  near Sabine Pass, Jefferson on 25 April 1993 (JDP, BP; 1993-
    Rose-throated Becard (Pachyramphus aglaiae) (16/13).  One
  female was at Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo from 2 January - 18 March
  1993 (CM; 1993-36).
    Clark's Nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana) (8).  One was
  in the Basin at BBNP, Brewster on 1 January 1993 (ES, 1993-
    Clay-colored Robin (Turdus grayi) (45/40).  One was at
  Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo from 2-28 January 1993 (CCa; 1993-37). 
  One was photographed and tape recorded in McAllen, Hidalgo
  during its stay 26 June - 17 July 1993 (JGo, GDY; 1993-105,
  TPRF #1170, TBSL #203-14).
    Rufous-backed Robin (Turdus rufopalliatus) (3).  Two were
  near Fort Davis, Jeff Davis on 9 February 1992 (SC, BT, JJ;
    Bohemian Waxwing (Bombycilla garrulus) (4).  One was in
 Palo Duro Canyon SP, Randall on 28 January 1993 (ME; 1993-48).
    Yellow-green Vireo (Vireo flavoviridis) (9/8).  One was
  photographed on the Bolivar Peninsula, Galveston on 1 May 1992
  (J&BM; 1993-42, TPRF #1140).  One singing male returned for
  its second summer to Webberville County Park near Austin,
  Travis where it was again tape recorded and photographed
  during its stay 3 May - 8 September 1993 (BN, DE, GL; 1993-76,
  TPRF #1119, TBSL #203-11).
    Black-whiskered Vireo (Vireo altiloquus) (10).  One was
  photographed at Packery Channel, Nueces during its stay 30
  April - 1 May 1993 (MC, AC; 1993-87, TPRF #1132).

     Red-faced Warbler (Cardellina rubrifrons) (9).  One was
  along the Pine Canyon Trail at BBNP, Brewster on 30 April 1993
  (RMS, RCS; 1993-106).
    Rufous-capped Warbler (Basileuterus rufifrons) (9).  One
  was near Corpus Christi, Nueces on 19 December 1992 (HS, GA;
  1993-55).  One was at Dugout Wells, BBNP, Brewster on 8 May
  1993 (KK; 1993-80).
    Olive Warbler (Peucedramus taeniatus) (2).  One was at
  Blue Creek Ranch, BBNP, Brewster on 3 May 1991 (C&RC, T&CF,
  B≤ 1991-61).  
    Varied Bunting (Passerina versicolor).  This species is
  not a Review List species, but given the locale involved, its
  review was requested.  One was in Amarillo, Potter on 5 May
  1993 (RP; 1993-102).
    Henslow's Sparrow (Ammodramus henslowsii).  This species
  was recently removed from the Review List as it is now
  regarded as a regular, yet uncommon and local, winter resident
  in east and coastal Texas.  One to two were 6 miles south of
  Nacogdoches, Nacogdoches from 11-20 December 1992 (DW, MWo;
  1993-116).  At least two were in extreme southern Panola on 27
  December 1992 (DW, RT; 1993-117).  Two were in Harris on 1
  January 1993 (PDH; 1993-128).  One was at Josey Ranch, Harris
  on 1 January 1993 (DM, FC; 1993-129).  As many as 10 were
  singing(!) in a weedy field near Longview, Rusk from 9-10
  April 1993 (GLu, JL; 1993-72).  One was 5 miles west of
  Nacogdoches, Nacogdoches on 10 December 1993 (DW, BGi; 1994-
  3).  One was 6 miles west of Nacogdoches, Nacogdoches on 10
  December 1993 (DW, BGi; 1994-4).  Up to six were 6 miles south
  of Nacogdoches from 16-18 December 1993 (DW, MWo; 1994-5). 
  One was in Chambers on 18 December 1993 (GDY; 1994-6).  Two
  were in extreme southern Panola on 26 December 1993 (DW, RT;
    Snow Bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis) (4).  Two were at
  Lake Balmorhea, Reeves on 27 November 1993 (GDY, BL; 1994-7).
                     Accepted Presumptive Species
     Crescent-chested Warbler (Vermivora superciliosa) (1). 
  One singing adult male was seen in Boot Canyon, BBNP, Brewster
  on 2 June 1993 (EW, RWo; 1993-90).  Although no photograph was
  secured to allow the species to be added to the official state
  list, this was an excellent example of how good
  contemporaneous notetaking can help substantiate a record.  In
  this case, the observers did not know what they had, nor could
  they find the bird in their field guide.  The record was
  accepted largely on the basis of the submitted field notes
  which were taken while the bird was in view.
                          Unaccepted Records
     A number of factors may contribute to a record being
  denied acceptance.  It is quite uncommon for a record to not
  be accepted because the bird was obviously misidentified. 
  More commonly, a record is denied acceptance because the
  material submitted to the TBRC was incomplete, insufficient,
  superficial, or just too vague to properly document the
  reported occurrence while eliminating all other similar
  species.  Also, written documentation or descriptions prepared
  entirely from memory weeks, months, or years after a sighting
  are seldom voted on favorably.  It is important that the
  simple act of not accepting a particular record should by no
  means indicate that the TBRC or any of its members necessarily
  feels the record did not occur as reported.  The non-
  acceptance of any record simply reflects the opinion of the
  TBRC that the documentation, as submitted, did not meet the
  rigorous standards appropriate for adding data to the formal
  historical record.  The TBRC makes every effort to be as fair
  and objective as possible regarding each record.  If the
  committee is unsure about any particular record, it prefers to
  err on the conservative side and not accept a good record
  rather than validate a bad one.  All records, whether accepted
  or not, remain on file and can be re-submitted to the
  committee if additional substantive material is presented.
    Red-throated Loon (Gavia stellata).  One (1992-49) at
  Lake Tawakoni, Rains on 7 February 1992.
    Pacific Loon (Gavia pacifica).  One (1992-78) at Lake
  Tawakoni, Rains on 12 April and 10 May 1992.
    Yellow-billed Loon (Gavia adamsii).  One (1993-31) at
  Offat's Bayou, Galveston, Galveston on 11 March 1988.
    Audubon's Shearwater (Puffinus lherminieri).  Three
  (1992-120) off Port Isabel, Cameron on 12 September 1992.  One
  (1992-123) off Port Aransas, Nueces on 4 October 1992.  Five
  (1993-111) off Willacy on 15 August 1993.  The committee
  continues to vote conservatively on purported Audubon's
  Shearwater records when indisputable features in separating
  the species from Manx Shearwater are absent in the
    White-faced Whistling-Duck (Anas viduata).  One (1993-92)
  in Corpus Christi, Nueces on 20 May 1993 was unaccepted on
  grounds of questionable origin.  With no known records for
  Mexico and none from the West Indies since 1926, it is
  believed that this largely South American species may well
  have escaped from some local waterfowl collection, especially
  in light of the fact that it is a commonly kept aviary bird.
    Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator).  One (1993-34)
  immature in Lewisville, Denton from 28 December 1992 - 27
  February 1993.  Immature swan identification is complex and,
  to paraphrase Zimmer, may be one of the most underrated of
  identification problems in North America today.  In final
  analysis, several committee members believed the photos and
  reports did not eliminate Tundra Swan, and the record was
  rejected before reaching the third circulation.
    American Black Duck (Anas rubripes).  Two (1993-153) in
  west Harris on 24 February 1983.  One (1993-30) at Anahuac NWR
  on 22 April 1989.  Two (1992-37) at Anahuac NWR, Chambers from
  23-25 February 1992.  Separating this species from our dark
  Gulf coast form of Mottled Duck or from "Mallard x American
  Black Duck" hybrids is extremely difficult.  There are many
  overlapping features involved, some of which are mistakenly
  considered diagnostic in certain references.
    Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope).  Eight (1993-130) in Del
  Rio, Val Verde from 31 December 1992 - 4 January 1993. 
    Masked Duck (Oxyura dominica).  One (1992-134) at Brazos
  Bend SP, Fort Bend on 13 March 1990.
    Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis).  One (1993-43) at
  Palo Duro Canyon SP, Randall on 30 December 1992.
    Common Black-Hawk (Buteogallus anthracinus).  One (1992-
  77) in Kleberg from 14-15 April 1992.  While not a reviewable
  species, this record would have represented a first for
  Kleberg and so it's review was requested.  Many committee
  members strongly believed that Harris' Hawk was not
    Roadside Hawk (Buteo magnirostris).  One (1993-59) in
  Salineno, Starr on 20 March 1993.  One (1993-61) at Bentsen
  SP, Hidalgo from 20 March - mid May 1993.  One (1993-44) at
  Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo on 1 April 1993.
    Northern Jacana (Jacana spinosa).  One (1991-49) at Sea
  Rim SP, Jefferson on 21 April 1991.
    Purple Sandpiper (Calidris maritima).  Two (1993-122) in
  San Antonio, Bexar on 13 September 1993.
    Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea).  One (1992-115)
  in Austin, Travis from 14-15 September 1992.
    California Gull (Larus californicus).  One (1992-31) at
  Lake Balmorhea, Reeves from 27-28 January 1992.  One (1992-32)
  in San Angelo, Tom Green on 1 February 1992.  One (1992-127)
  in San Antonio, Bexar on 25 October 1992.   
    Thayer's Gull (Larus thayeri).   One (1992-130) on
  Bolivar Flats, Galveston from 18-22 April 1983.  One (1993-33)
  in Galveston on 26 December 1989.  One (1993-70) at Lake
  Texoma, Grayson from 21 March - 3 April 1993.
    Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus).  One (1993-131)
  at Bolivar Flats, Galveston on 26 December 1992.  One (1993-
  25) at Lake Livingston, Polk on 29 December 1992.  One (1994-
  12) at Bolivar Flats on 7 November 1993.  
    Glaucous Gull (Larus hyperboreus).  One (1993-39) in
  Galveston, Galveston on 28 February 1982.  One (1993-133) in
  Houston, Harris on 19 December 1992.  
    Great Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus).  One (1993-132)
  at Texas City Dike, Galveston on 26 December 1992.
    Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla).  One (1992-26)
  at Lake O' the Pines, Marion on 2 February 1992.  One (1993-
  64) in Kingsville, Kleberg on 18 February 1993.
    Sabine's Gull (Xema sabini).  One (1993-141) in San
  Antonio, Bexar on 30 September 1993.  
    Bridled Tern (Sterna anaethetus).  One (1991-94) at
  Rollover Pass, Galveston on 9 June 1991.  
    Ruddy Ground-Dove (Columbina talpacoti).  Two (1992-36)
  at Bentsen SP, Hidalgo on 12 February 1992.
    Northern Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium gnoma).  Two (1992-93) in
  the Davis Mountains, Jeff Davis on 20 May 1992.
    Green Violet-ear (Colibri thalassinus).  One (1993-108)
  in Hunt, Kerr on 18 July 1993.
    Broad-billed Hummingbird (Cynanthus latirostris).  One
  (1993-91) in Comal from 23-25 April 1993.
    Greater Pewee (Contopus pertinax).  One (1993-123) in
  BBNP, Brewster on 23 April 1993.
    Thick-billed Kingbird (Tyrannus crassirostris).  One
  (1992-84) on West Galveston Island, Galveston on 18 May 1992. 
  While all agreed a major rarity was described, many committee
  members felt that Gray Kingbird or some other large-billed
  Carribbean Tyrannus had not been sufficiently ruled out by the
    Rose-throated Becard (Pachyramphus aglaiae).  One (1991-
  118) at Bentsen SP, Hidalgo on 29 November 1985.
    Black-capped Gnatcatcher (Polioptila nigriceps).  Two
  (1993-113) in BBNP, Brewster on 29 April 1993.
    Gray-crowned Yellowthroat (Geothlypis poliocephala).  One
  (1992-92) in Armstrong, Kenedy on 8 May 1992.  One (1993-156)
  at Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo on 7 December 1993.
    Red-faced Warbler (Cardellina rubrifrons).  One (1993-89)
  at Lost Maples SNA, Bandera on 5 June 1993.
    Slate-throated Redstart (Myioborus miniatus).  One (1993-
  119) in BBNP, Brewster on 22 April 1993.
    Baird's Sparrow (Ammodramus bairdii).  Two (1992-158) at
  Kickapoo Caverns SNA, Kinney on 3 and 13 February 1992.
    White-winged Crossbill (Loxia leucoptera).  One (1993-
  115) in Granbury, Hood in April 1993.
                           Literature Cited
  American Ornithologists' Union.  1983.  Checklist of North
     American birds, 6th ed. American Ornith. Union,
       Baltimore, Maryland.
  Arnold, K. A. 1984.  Decisions of the T.O.S. Bird Records
     Committee for 1984.  Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 17(1&2):18-
  ------.  1985.  Decisions of the T.O.S. Bird Records Committee
     for 1985.  Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 18(1&2):31-32.
  Dittmann, D. L., and G. W. Lasley.  1992.  How to document
     rare birds.  Birding 24:145-159.
  Haynie, C. B.  1992a.  Texas Bird Records Committee Report for
     1991.  Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 25(1):2-12.
  ------.  1992b.  Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1992.
     Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 25(2):30-41.
  ------.  1993.  Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1993.
     Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 26(1&2):2-14.
  Lasley, G. W.  1988.  Texas Bird Records Committee Report for
     1987.  Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 21(1&2):25-32.
  ------.  1989.  Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1988. 
     Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 22(1&2):2-14.
  ------.  1990.  Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1989. 
     Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 23(1&2):6-19.
  ------.  1991.  Texas Bird Records Committee Report for 1990. 
     Bull. Texas Ornith. Soc. 24(1):2-15.
  Oberholser, H. C.  1974.  The bird life of Texas.  The
     University of Texas Press, Austin.
                           TBRC Review List
     The TBRC requests details, including descriptions and
  photos if possible, of all records of the following species.
     Review List A. -- Rarities:  These species, in general,
  include birds that have occurred four or fewer times per year
  anywhere in Texas over a ten-year average.  The TBRC requests
  documentation for review for any new or any previously
  unsubmitted record of the below species no matter how long ago
  the record occurred.  The TBRC also requests details on any
  record of a species not yet accepted on the Texas State List.
     Red-throated Loon, Pacific Loon, Yellow-billed Loon, Red-
  necked Grebe, Yellow-nosed Albatross, White-chinned Petrel,
  Greater Shearwater, Sooty Shearwater, Manx Shearwater,
  Audubon's Shearwater, Wilson's Storm-Petrel, Leach's Storm-
  Petrel, Band-rumped Storm-Petrel, Red-billed Tropicbird, Blue-
  footed Booby, Brown Booby, Red-footed Booby, Glossy Ibis,
  Jabiru, Greater Flamingo, Trumpeter Swan, Brant, American
  Black Duck, White-cheeked Pintail, Garganey, Eurasian Wigeon,
  Harlequin Duck, Barrow's Goldeneye, Masked Duck, Snail Kite,
  Northern Goshawk, Crane Hawk, Roadside Hawk, Short-tailed
  Hawk, Paint-billed Crake, Spotted Rail, Double-striped Thick-
  Knee, Collared Plover, Northern Jacana, Wandering Tattler,
  Eskimo Curlew, Surfbird, Sharp-tailed Sandpiper, Purple
  Sandpiper, Curlew Sandpiper, Ruff, Red Phalarope, Long-tailed
  Jaeger, Little Gull, Common Black-headed Gull, Heermann's
  Gull, Mew Gull, California Gull, Thayer's Gull, Iceland Gull,
  Lesser Black-backed Gull, Slaty-backed Gull, Western Gull,
  Glaucous Gull, Great Black-backed Gull, Black-legged
  Kittiwake, Sabine's Gull, Elegant Tern, Bridled Tern, Brown
  Noddy, Black Noddy, Ruddy Ground-Dove, Mangrove Cuckoo, Snowy
  Owl, Northern Pygmy-Owl, Mottled Owl, Northern Saw-whet Owl,
  White-collared Swift, Green Violet-ear, Green-breasted Mango,
  Broad-billed Hummingbird, White-eared Hummingbird, Violet-
  crowned Hummingbird, Costa's Hummingbird, Allen's Hummingbird,
  Elegant Trogon, Lewis' Woodpecker, Ivory-billed Woodpecker
  (presumed extirpated in Texas), Greenish Elaenia, Tufted
  Flycatcher, Greater Pewee, Dusky-capped Flycatcher, Sulphur-
  bellied Flycatcher, Tropical Kingbird, Thick-billed Kingbird,
  Gray Kingbird, Fork-tailed Flycatcher, Rose-throated Becard,
  Masked Tityra, Gray-breasted Martin, Clark's Nutcracker,
  Black-billed Magpie, American Dipper, Clay-colored Robin,
  White-throated Robin, Rufous-backed Robin, Varied Thrush,
  Aztec Thrush, Black Catbird, Bohemian Waxwing, Gray Silky-
  flycatcher, Yellow-green Vireo, Black-whiskered Vireo, Yucatan
  Vireo, Connecticut Warbler, Gray-crowned Yellowthroat, Red-
  faced Warbler, Golden-crowned Warbler, Rufous-capped Warbler,
  Olive Warbler, Crimson-collared Grosbeak, Blue Bunting,
  Yellow-faced Grassquit, Baird's Sparrow, Golden-crowned
  Sparrow, Yellow-eyed Junco, Snow Bunting, Shiny Cowbird,
  Black-vented Oriole, Pine Grosbeak, White-winged Crossbill,
  Common Redpoll, Lawrence's Goldfinch.
     Review List B. -- Species under special study by sub-
  committee of TBRC concerning their distribution and status in
  Texas:  Records of these species will not be formally reviewed
  by the TBRC (except for winter Swainson's Hawk and
  Semipalmated Sandpiper records which will be reviewed), but
  documentation is requested to assist in these studies.
     Clark's Grebe, Cory's Shearwater, Muscovy Duck, Common
  Black-Hawk, Swainson's Hawk (December-January), Aplomado
  Falcon (reintroduction program in progress), Semipalmated
  Sandpiper (December-January), Pomarine Jaeger, Parasitic
  Jaeger, Spotted Owl, Williamson's Sapsucker, Northern Shrike.
     Presumptive Species List. -- The following is the
  official TBRC list of species for which written descriptions
  of sight records have been accepted by the TBRC but the
  species has not yet met the requirements for full acceptance
  on the Texas List (specimen, photo, video, or audio recording
  for at least one record).
     White-crowned Pigeon, Berylline Hummingbird, Social
  Flycatcher, Crescent-chested Warbler, Slate-throated Redstart.

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